The author is grateful to Dr. Morris Bitzer, professor emeritus, at the University of Kentucky for providing advice and information for this article. “We’re here to educate students, and the byproduct of our educating students is the research,” he says. Segment by Application, the Sweet Sorghum Ethanol market is segmented into United States, Europe, China, Japan, Southeast Asia, India and Rest of World. The UA has multiple agricultural research facilities; Slack and his team are working on their sweet sorghum project at the Red Rock Agricultural Center, a 320-acre facility 40 miles north of Tucson. Jan 08, 2021 (The Expresswire) -- "Final Report will add the analysis of the impact of COVID-19 on this industry." The greatest challenge for large-scale production of sweet sorghum for biofuel is the lack of commercial harvesting equipment. Dr. Ismail Dweikat at Nebraska is developing sweet sorghum cultivars with increased cold tolerance. http://www.agbioworks.org/regional.cfm. To minimize transportation costs, a small gasification or fermentation processing center should be located near production fields. 2009. Paper presented at the 2008 Joint Annual Meeting, Celebrating the . Sweet sorghum was compared with corn [Zea mays (L.)] and grain sorghum for potential ethanol yield, energy use efficiency, and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions at seven dryland site‐years in Nebraska.Seasonal rainfall ranged from approximately 340 to 660 mm. Photo: Larry Rana, USDA; Wikimedia Commons. International Year of Planet Ea rth, 5–9 October 2008, Houston, Texas. Corn (left) and sweet sorghum (right) at the Kellogg Biological Station in Hickory Corners, Michigan. 1Freeman et al., 1986. Fortunately, sorghum plants can often compensate for low plant stands by producing several tillers per plant. In favorable environments, sweet sorghum varieties can grow 14 feet tall and produce 20 to 50 tons of biomass (fresh weight) per acre. “Sweet Sorghum in some ways is similar to corn,” says Don Slack, Ph.D., professor in the Department of Biosystems Engineering. Through the research in Slack’s lab, he and his graduate students are finding better ways to grow the plants and optimize their production of juice, which is then fermented into ethanol. For sweet sorghum, you will probably reduce the nitrogen fertilizer and increase the potassium and phosphorus fertilizer relative to grain sorghum. However, this crop may someday have another use in the Commonwealth — as a bioenergy crop. Although there are major obstacles in terms of yield and production of biofuel from sweet sorghum, with time it may possibly replace the huge share of the fossil fuels’ requirement to meet the rising energy demand. Energy sorghum is specifically bred for high lignocellulosic biomass that can be converted to biofuels, whereas sweet sorghum, also known as sweet stalk sorghum, refers specifically to genotypes that accumulate soluble sugars in the stalk . Sweet sorghum as a biofuel crop: Where are we now? 2009. Usually in about 2.5 weeks, sugar content will increase to optimum levels before harvest. That isn’t happening yet in the United States, which is more attached to corn, but the federal energy and agriculture … The statement “all biomass is local” also applies to sweet sorghum feedstock. To estimate input costs for sweet sorghum, begin with a crop budget for grain sorghum. It grows in dry conditions, tolerates heat, salt and waterlogging, and provides steady income for poor farmers. Broadhead, N. Zummo, and F.E. In this regard, the concept of super sweet sorghum ideotypes is proposed to stimulate discussion on how to combine the various biofuel syndromes to design the genomes of sweet sorghum hybrids for the various climatic zones. Below is a budget by David Reinbott, extension agricultural economist at the University of Missouri. Sweet Sorghum Sweet Sorghum Sweet sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench] is similar to grain sorghum with sugar-rich stalks. As a result of the efforts of Congressman Raul Grijalva, the United States Department of Energy is also helping to fund the project. Sweet Sorghum for Biofuel Production in Louisiana The federal mandate for energy security through the development of sustainable biofuels has revived interest in sweet sorghum as a renewable energy … Sweet sorghum is a potential biofuel crop because it is capable of producing high yields of ethanol from a combination of easily fermentable sugars and lignocellulosic bagasse. Sweet sorghum is the same species (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench) as grain sorghum. In his eyes, offering a great educational experience is what gives rise to excellent research an innovation. The syrup sweet sorghum (Figure 1), so it is the most suitable which needs storage for using during off season needs crop for ethanol production using for biofuel comparing to concentrate to minimum 65 brix (normally 85 brix). Sweet sorghum (Sorghum bicolor) is primarily grown in Kentucky for its syrup. ST. GABRIEL, La. The need to immediately squeeze the juice out creates logistical challenges in harvesting and transporting stalks for sugar extraction and conversion. By BETSY BLANEY, Associated Press Writer. Sweet sorghum is similar to grain sorghum but with sugar-rich stalks and the ability to use water efficiently. Unfortunately, this facility closed in 1983. Paper presented at the 2008 Joint Annual Meeting, Celebrating the . pp. be-info@email.arizona.edu “Arizona is one of the places where we can grow sweet sorghum very efficiently, so the Department of Energy has funded this research for the past two years.”. “But it’s a much more drought tolerant, heat tolerant plant.”. The development of alternative forms of biofuels … University of Missouri Extension M171. In addition, sweet sorghum has a °Brix or estimated fermentable sugar of 9 percent, and as the fermentable sugar of sweet sorghum increases, wherein studies show results higher than the estimated 9 percent, the more viable the ethanol’s country production using sweet sorghum becomes. With less need for nitrogen fertilizer and its incredibly drought-tolerant nature, it is a much more affordable and viable option than corn for fuel production. Bioethanol. In India and other places, sweet sorghum stalks are used for producing biofuel by squeezing the juice and then fermenting into ethanol. Biofuel Others The Sweet Sorghum Ethanol market is analysed and market size information is provided by regions (countries). The successful production of sweet sorghum in South Africa is restricted due to a lack of sustainable production systems. (Photo by Swathi Sridharan via Creative Commons) Countries such as India and Brazil are already ramping up sweet sorghum production to supplement sugar cane as an ethanol ingredient. Extraction requires a roller mill or diffuser equipment. “Sweet sorghum” is a special-purpose sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench) with a sugar-rich stalk similar to sugarcane. Tania Martinez-Cruz, a graduate student from Mexico, is looking at different varieties of sweet sorghum and how they grow. Sweet sorghum, Jatropha, Pongamiaand sugar beet are among the underexploited crops for biofuel (ethanol and biodiesel) production. It is a C4 crop with low input requirements and accumulates high levels of sugars in its stalks. Potential for Sweet sorghum as a biofuel. A study by Memphis Bioworks showed that sweet sorghum processing plants should be located no more than six miles from production fields in the Delta region (Tripp et al., 2009). Photo: Dennis Pennington, Bioenergy Educator. Dr. Bill Rooney at Texas A&M University has released female inbred lines with higher sugar content for use in the production of sweet sorghum hybrids. It needs less fertilizer than corn, which results in less water contamination, says Ray Coniglio, a spokesman for Sebastian, Fla.-based Renewable Energy LLC, which has invested in the production of sweet sorghum … The study was concluded prior to the enactment into law of the Biofuels Act (RA 9637) which requires vehicle manufacturers and owners as well as oil companies to use fuels diluted with sugar or starch-derived alcohol to reduce the country's dependence on imported fuel and promote cleaner air. Studies in India have found that after juice extraction, sweet sorghum bagasse can form part of a nutritious animal feed, giving dryland farmers an additional source of fodder and income. Westbrook. To design a sustainable production system, apply enough fertilizer to offset crop removal or spread the bagasse and vinasse back on the field. Study on palletizing machine for yeast cells immobilized carrier production. The crop is highly adaptable to wide range of climatic conditions including drought and salinity. http://extension.missouri.edu/seregion/Crop_Budgets_PDF&Excell/Grain_Sorghum.pdf, Energy Answers for the Beginning Farmer and Rancher, NEWBio Team Defines Human Systems Driving the Bioeconomy Transition, NEWBio Harvest, Preprocessing, and Logistics Team Optimizes Biomass Supply Chain Processes, NEWBio Feedstock Improvement Team Breeds Better Switchgrass and Willow for the Bioeconomy. Integrated pest management (IPM) practices should be used to control insects in sweet sorghum. production methods, and the land cover prior to sweet sorghum cultivation (Ko¨ppen et al., 2009). Unless a harvesting machine is developed to squeeze juice on-the-go and re-deposit stalks and leaves in the field, a significant amount of P and K will be removed in the biomass. 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