Iran and crossing all the red lines. But explaining why Iran isn’t an Arab country requires the answer to the first. Russian envoy: Israel-Arab issues, not Iran, is main problem in West Asia Politics; December 9, 2020 - 12:3. Islam has been the official religion of Iran since then, except for a short duration after the Mongol raids and establishment of Ilkhanate.Iran became an Islamic republic after the Islamic Revolution of 1979 which ended the Persian monarchy. Persians have different traditions and ceremonies than Arabs! Iran’s new close relations with Iraq alarmed the Gulf regimes, especially Saudi Arabia, which launched a sectarian campaign against Iran and Shia Muslims, Persian and Arab alike. The diplomatic pressure campaign could complicate the incoming administration's efforts to … By joining Slate Plus you support our work and get exclusive content. The answer to the second question is easy: No. Inter-Ethnic Relations . Arabs are a smaller minority group in Iran at an estimated 2% of the population. Iran. Arab Unity in the Middle East Can Be a Barrier to Iran’s Regional Goals . The value of Iran's exports to Arab countries reached $8.565 billion during the first eight months of the current Iranian calendar year which started … surrounding Arab nations have forced the former power to repeatedly restructure changing former Persia into present day Iran. Iraq struggled to find opportunities to expel Iranian influence, until Mustafa al-Khadimi. It cannot do so now because it has lost so much leverage and has opted to let Moscow shape Iranian interests in the South Caucasus. Beginning in 2004, the Arab peoples were subjected to unprecedented propaganda identifying Iran and Shia as the main enemy of Arabs. Who are the Arabs, and is Iran an Arab country? Arab Sunni political and religious extremism arose indigenously, without help from outsiders. Iran is not an Arab country. Iran does have a coast on the Arabian Gulf and is in fact Middle Eastern so I think it fits the definition above except they speak Farsi, as opposed to pure Arabic. Iran’s Islamist proxies in the Arab world have resurfaced to condemn last week’s normalization agreement between Israel and Morocco just as they did with similar accords reached in the past few months with the United Arab Emirates, Bahrain and Sudan. So Iran fails most of the four-part test of language, ancestry, religion, and culture. With the exception of various minority ethnic groups in Iran (one of which is Arab), Iranians are Persian. It is Persian. Ethnic conflicts involving Arabs and government agencies have broken out in recent years. Several readers objected to Slate’s characterization of Iran as an “Arab neighbor” in a dossier on the Saudi royal family. 18 December 2020 Iran builds at underground nuclear facility amid US tensions Even though Modern Persian has many loan words from Arabic—much in the same way that English does from French—to call them the same or even mutually intelligible is a gross mistake. Given its location in the Middle East, Muslim majority, and language which resembles Arabic, Iran is often mislabeled as an Arab nation. Encarta Online gives a fairly succinct definition that includes all four elements: “the ancient and present-day inhabitants of the Arabian Peninsula and often applied to the peoples closely allied to them in ancestry, language, religion, and culture.” Part of the problem with understanding the meaning of “Arab,” Lewis writes in another book, is that secular Westerners have “great difficulty understanding a culture in which not citizenship, not nationality, not descent, but religion, or more precisely, membership of a religious community, is the ultimate determinant of identity.”. 14 Dec 2020 Iran revives contentious anti-money laundering legislation In fact, quite on the contrary. Apart from these, there are also a handful of faith groups around the country; the distinguished ones … This is alarming for its Gulf Arab neighbors, and especially for its primary adversaries, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates. Print . DUBAI, United Arab Emirates (AP) — Although Iran faces crushing U.S. sanctions, there are still ways for Tehran to obtain coronavirus vaccines as the country suffers the Mideast’s worst outbreak of the pandemic. Home Science Math History Literature Technology Health Law Business All Topics Random. There are close to 400 million people in the Arab world. (Bloomberg) --For more than half a century, conflict between Israel and the Arab nations that surround it has been a defining feature of the Middle East, producing periodic wars, lost opportunities for trade and uncountable hours of fruitless diplomacy.The rift is far from resolved. Small communities of Christians, Jews, and Zoroastrians are also found throughout the country. Israel has made peace deals with four Arab countries late this year, underscoring that it’s now … Roughly 120 million people speak Persian in the world; half of them live in Iran. “The problem in the region is not Iranian activities,” Viktorov said at the Russian embassy in Tel Aviv. Yet there’s been a shift. Syria is usually called Iran's " closest ally ", with ideological conflict between the Arab nationalism ideology of Syria's secular ruling Ba'ath Party and the Islamic Republic of Iran's pan-Islamist policy notwithstanding. Ethnic Arabs complain of discrimination, and neglect by the Iranian government. Iran and United Arab Emirates living comparison. They will be tempted to enter an arms race with Iran, using their deeper pockets — and easy access to American weapons systems — to maintain their substantial technological edge over Tehran. Despite being Iran’s main oil-producing region, Khuzestan is one of the country’s least developed regions. We and our partners use cookies to better understand your needs, improve performance and provide you with personalised content and advertisements. The reference book says the term historically included the “nomadic Semitic inhabitants of the Arabian Peninsula” and in modern usage encompasses the Arabic-speaking people stretching from Mauritania to southwestern Iran. Why Iran Is Not an Arab Country. Slate is published by The Slate Group, a Graham Holdings Company. These Arabs now are saying out loud that Iran and its proxies in the Arab world, and not Israel, are the real enemies of Arabs and Muslims. New social movements' define themselves as horizontal networks with aversion to the state and central authority. The spokesman of Iran's foreign ministry keeps repeating terms like 'Arab nobility' and 'Islamic values,' while the Iranian government keeps forgetting its [own] actions in the region and [the fact that it has] crossed many red lines, which have turned it into a blatant enemy [of the Arabs]. When the Armenian-Azerbaijani war was raging in the early 1990s, Iran could play a credible role as an independent broker. Lewis cites two broader definitions as more accurate. It was the Tahirid Dynasty who replaced Pahlavi with the Arabic script in the 9th century. The main importance of the Arabic language in Iran is historical and religious. In fact, quite on the contrary. Read on to discover why Iran is not an Arab country. There is an expectation in the Middle East, especially in the Persian Gulf, that amongst the potential disputes between Arab states and the new U.S. administration following the inauguration of President-elect Joe Biden, the first will likely center around Iran and its nuclear program. Under the Islamic caliphate, Arabic became the language of scripture, government, law, literature, and science. Iran is a Persian country. In addition, the majority of Iranians are Shiite Muslims while most Arabs are Sunni Muslims. It’s not a facile question. This is alarming for its Gulf Arab neighbors, and especially for its primary adversaries, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates. (The “Arab world,” which refers to Arab-majority states in western Asia and various parts of Africa, consists of 22 countries.) In 2008, Iranian Arabs comprised about 2 percent of Iran's population, or about 1.6 million people, mostly in Khuzestan province. But explaining why Iran isn’t an Arab country requires the answer to the first. Iran’s mission to the United Nations said in a statement to Politico that Iran would not renegotiate an agreement that had already been negotiated. Israel has made peace deals with four Arab countries late this year, underscoring that it’s now Iran — rather than Israel — that’s the common enemy uniting many Arab rulers. Nonetheless, the Arabic world is quite vast with 22 countries as members so even among themselves there are many … Email . Who are the Arabs? The easiest definition is to say that an Arab is simply someone who speaks Arabic. Israel has made peace deals with four Arab countries late this year, underscoring that it’s now Iran — rather than Israel — that’s the common enemy uniting many Arab rulers. It might be easy to assume that Persian and Arabic are related, based solely on the similarity of their scripts, but a quick study of language families reveals that Persian is an Indo-European language whereas Arabic is a Semitic one. Iran is paying such a high price in Syria for a reason, however, since it views the Arab country as a “golden link” – a term proposed by Ali Akbar Velayati, the foreign policy adviser to Iran’s Supreme Leader – in a Shiite chain stretching from Iran westward across Iraq, Syria and Lebanon to the Mediterranean Sea. Arabic العربية ... Iran has given considerable help to the Assad regime to stay in power but has had few obvious returns for its efforts. The time has come to look beyond US elections and worry about our vested interests. The simple truth is that over the last 20 years or so Iran has chosen to prioritize the Arab world as its regional focus. Persian history largely begins with King Cyrus the Great, who is credited with the liberation of Babylon in 528 BC, and the oldest known charter of human rights, referred to as the Cyrus Cylinder, which is housed in London’s British Museum. The Trucial States of the Persian Gulf coast granted the UK control of their defense and foreign affairs in 19th century treaties. [1] Iran, he wrote, is forgetting that it is the one whose bullying and terrorist behavior is destabilizing the region and who has become the enemy of the Arabs. The Arab conquests of the seventh century spread the Arabic language and civilization from North Africa to central Asia. The first definition adds a geographic element and a cultural element, and Gibb adds religion to the mix. Russian envoy: Israel-Arab issues, not Iran, is main problem in West Asia ... With regard to recent International Atomic Energy Agency reports that Iran has developed more centrifuges to a further extent than permitted by the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), as the 2015 Iran nuclear deal is known, Viktorov said he does not agree that Iran has violated the agreement. Instead, the Islamic regime has become expert at hybrid warfare. Just one Arab country—Qatar—stands out like a sore thumb against this renewed Arab consensus through its support for the Muslim Brotherhood, cozy relationship with Iran, and funding of terrorist organizations. Apart from these, there are also a handful of faith groups around the country; the distinguished ones for example are Christianity, Bahai’at, Judaism and Zoroastrianism. 1. Here again, Iran was promising Arab states a carrot-and-stick approach. Russian Ambassador Anatoly Viktorov on Tuesday blamed Israel for destabilizing West Asia. The final refutation of the Arab fantasy that everything is basically Iran’s fault is Libya. Saudi Arabia and Iran - two powerful neighbours - are locked in a fierce struggle for regional dominance. History of the Middle East . The Kurds and Turkmen are predominantly Sunni Muslims, but Iran’s Arabs are both Sunni and Shiʿi. All rights reserved. The Arab world is far less divided today than it has been in recent years, and is moving in a… Share . Given its location in the Middle East, Muslim majority, and language which resembles Arabic, Iran is often mislabeled as an Arab nation. Following the Arab countries’ decision to sever ties with Qatar and imposing the trade and travel boycott on Doha, Iran rushed to help its southern Arab country which is under the economic blockade by its Arab neighbors. Following the Islamic conquest of Persia, Arabic virtually subsumed Persian as a literary tongue. Variants of Persian are also spoken in Afghanistan, where many people … What Language They Speak The local dialect of Arabic spoken in Iran is Khuzestani Arabic, an Iraqi Arabic dialect, but the varieties of Arabic taught across Iran to students in secondary schools, regardless of their ethnic or linguistic background, are Modern Standard Arabic and Classical Arabic, the latter a liturgical language of Islam. of course not.Iran is completely different from Arab countries.peo[le in Iran speak Persian & Turkish & some other dialect.while Arabs speak Arabic. Arabic العربية ... Iran has given considerable help to the Assad regime to stay in power but has had few obvious returns for its efforts. Iranian Arabs (Arabic: عرب إيران‎ ʿArab Īrān; Persian: عرب‌های ايران‎ Arabhāye Irān) refers to the citizens or residents of Iran who are ethnically of Arab descent. Persian and Arab histories only merge in the 7th century with the Islamic conquest of Persia. Iran and crossing all the red lines. Join Slate Plus to continue reading, and you’ll get unlimited access to all our work—and support Slate’s independent journalism. To allow us to provide a better and more tailored experience please click "OK", The ancient city of Persepolis | © reibai / Flickr, The Cyrus Cylinder is the oldest known charter of human rights, Fravahar, the ancient symbol of Zoroastrianism, above the Fire Temple in Yazd. In fact, some Arabs live in Iran, where they make up 3-7% of the population. Arab axis prepared to face Iran. A cognate of “aryan,” Iran means “land of the Aryans” and is excluded from the list of Arab League nations in the Middle East/North Africa region. The Arab revolutions, argues Bayat, "lacked any associated intellectual anchor" and the predominant voices, "secular and Islamists alike, took free market, property relations, and neoliberal rationality for granted" and uncritically. Moreover, almost all political disputes between Iran and Arab countries are rooted in this religious variation. September 15, 2020 5:37 am 0. No, there is not. The answer to the second question is easy: No. The Encyclopedia Britannica defines an Arab as “one whose native language is Arabic”. The Islamic conquest during Persia’s Sasanian Empire, however, caused the gradual decline and eventual displacement of Zoroastrianism by Islam. In fact, religiously speaking, Iran is not an Arabic country since in Iran the Shia branch of Islam is practiced and more than 90% of Iran’s population is Shia, In Iraq less than 50% are Shia but in no other Arab country Shia population is notable and the masses practice Sunni branch of Islam. You can cancel anytime. You’ve run out of free articles. Arab League–Iran relations refer to political, economic and cultural relations between the mostly Shia Persian country of Iran and the mostly Sunni and Arab organization Arab League. It is a strategy bound to … If they obey Iran and work with its regime, then there will be security on Iran’s model, a “mechanism” from Tehran. What territory do Arabs inhabit? I would consider Iran to be Arabic based on Islam, Language and culture and traditions falling more in line with the Arab … If you value our work, please disable your ad blocker. SHOW MORE. There are quite a few Arabs in the south, however. Iran's Islamist proxies in the Arab world have resurfaced to condemn last week's normalization agreement between Israel and Morocco just as … Relations between Iran and Saudi Arabia also worsened in 2016 following demonstrations in front of the Saudi Embassy in Tehran and its consulate in the northeastern city of Mashhad against the … A further dividing aspect is the fact that Muslim-majority nations tend to follow the Sunni branch of Islam while Iran, one of only a handful of countries, is majority Shia. A cognate of “aryan,” Iran means “land of the Aryans” and is excluded from the list of Arab League nations in the Middle East/North Africa region. Explore similarities and differences. In 1971, six of these states - Abu Dhabi, 'Ajman, Al Fujayrah, Ash Shariqah, Dubayy, and Umm al Qaywayn - merged to form the United Arab Emirates (UAE). Iran is not an Arab country. Of the Semitic languages —from the Afro-Asiatic family— Arabic is the most widely spoken, but only a small percentage of the population speaks it as a native tongue. (see “Renaming Iran” for more information). of course not.Iran is completely different from Arab countries.peo[le in Iran speak Persian & Turkish & some other dialect.while Arabs speak Arabic. Islam has been the official religion of Iran since then, except for a short duration after the Mongol raids and establishment of Ilkhanate.Iran became an Islamic republic after the Islamic Revolution of 1979 which ended the Persian monarchy.. Before the Islamic conquest, … All contents © 2020 The Slate Group LLC. Although only a minority of Zoroastrians currently live in Iran, ancient Persians were Zoroastrian, a religion based on the teachings of prophet Zoroaster that exalted Ahura Mazda as the supreme God. Syria and Iran are strategic allies. Part of the problem, Lewis warns, is that the term Arab “may be used in several different senses at one and the same time, and that a standard general definition of its content has rarely been possible.”. The simple truth is that over the last 20 years or so Iran has chosen to prioritize the Arab world as its regional focus. Explainer thanks The Arabs in History and The Multiple Identities of the Middle East by Bernard Lewis, and Encarta Online. It is Persian. Arab states, Israel say they want in on Biden's future Iran talks. Prior to the Islamic conquest, Old and Middle Persian were written in such scripts as Old Persian Cuneiform, Pahlavi, Aramaic, and Avestan. In fact, some Arabs live in Iran, where they make up 3-7% of the population. Majority Arabic-speaking countries remain in southwest Asia, Egypt, and North Africa. Arabs live in many countries across the Middle East. The absence of common ground appropriate for these understandings is a result of the hegemonic and illegitimate policies of these three powers. Iraqi Arabic is a dialect of Arabic similar to Saudi Arabic, while the language spoken in Iran is called either Farsi or Persian. It cannot do so now because it has lost so much leverage and has opted to let Moscow shape Iranian interests in the South Caucasus. Note the absent country: Iran. Tweet . Persians speak Persian, an Indo-European language distantly related to Greek and Latin. Consequently, many present-day Iranian celebrations, such as Nowruz, Châhârshanbe Suri, and Yaldâ, stem from this ancient religion. ... For example the Sunni Islam is the religion undertaken by the Kurdish in the west, the Turkmens, and the Arabs in the southern part of Iran. And you'll never see this message again. The Arab League includes Algeria, Bahrain, Comoros, Djibouti, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Mauritania, Morocco, Oman, the Palestine Liberation Organization, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sudan, Syria, Tunisia, the United Arab Emirates, and Yemen. The Muslim conquest of Persia (637–651) led to the end of the Sasanian Empire and the eventual decline of the Zoroastrian religion in Iran (). When the Armenian-Azerbaijani war was raging in the early 1990s, Iran could play a credible role as an independent broker. SHOW MORE. Slate relies on advertising to support our journalism. (Persian also has official status in Afghanistan, where Dari, or Afghan Persian, is one of two official languages.) Ask Login. Within the Middle East, historical conflicts have always coloured neighbouring Arab countries ' perceptions about Iran. Who are the Arabs, and is Iran an Arab country? Historian Bernard Lewis devotes 14 pages to the subject in his introduction to The Arabs in History. Getting vaccines into the … Since Iran and Iraq battled each other to a standstill at devastating human and economic costs in the 1980s, Iran’s theocratic leaders have avoided direct conflict with the U.S. and its allies in the region, a contest in which they would be spectacularly outgunned. Iran is a diverse nation with many ethnic groups living therein. To those definitions, Lewis adds a more recent usage that excises religion by regarding “the Arabic-speaking peoples as a nation or group of sister nations in the modern sense, linked by a common territory, language, and culture.” Arab Christians–who weren’t designated that way until the 19th century–were particularly attracted to that version of Arab nationalism because it would make them full members of the state. The 32-letter alphabet used today includes four letters nonexistent in Arabic: p, ch, g (like golf), and zhe (like the j in déjà vu). There are close to 400 million people in the Arab world. Click here for a glossary of Islam, or here for the origins of –istan. Following the Arab countries’ decision to sever ties with Qatar and imposing the trade and travel boycott on Doha, Iran rushed to help its southern Arab country which is under the economic blockade by its Arab neighbors. Habib Chaab, an Iranian ethnic Arab separatist leader, was kidnapped by Iranian intelligence agents, official says. For example the Sunni Islam is the religion undertaken by the Kurdish in the west, the Turkmens, and the Arabs in the southern part of Iran. A Saudi-based body organizing the world's second Islamic Solidarity Games has canceled the sports event planned for Iran amid a dispute over whether the Gulf waterway is "Arab" or "Persian." Alone among the Middle Eastern peoples conquered by the Arabs, the Iranians did not lose their language or their identity. A group of Arab leaders once stated that “whoever lives in our country, speaks our language, is brought up in our culture and takes pride in our glory is one of us.” The scholar Sir Hamilton Gibb put it this way: “All those are Arabs for whom the central fact of history is the mission of Muhammad and the memory of the Arab Empire and who in addition cherish the Arab tongue and its cultural heritage as their common possession.”, Both of those definitions encompass more than just language. After earlier downplaying the virus, Iran has since acknowledged the scope of the disaster it faces after 1.1 million reported cases and over 52,000 deaths. The Muslim conquest of Persia (637–651) led to the end of the Sasanian Empire and the eventual decline of the Zoroastrian religion in Iran (). 18 December 2020 Iran builds at underground nuclear facility amid US tensions They primarily occupy oil rich regions in Iran. 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