Both presentations together number 33 slides. What was one major teaching of the Second Great Awakening? You can test out of the In Finney’s day preaching was often very formal. Don't just change your heart; change your world! just create an account. One of the most influential was Charles Finney. But the Second Great Awakening also deserves credit for important social reform when American Christians turned their hearts toward the problems in the world around them. It isn't enough to just 'be' good; you need to 'do' good. Revivalist preachers spoke to thousands of people at camp meetings on the expanding frontier. In the same way that they had wanted to do something about Enlightenment philosophy, Americans in the Second Great Awakening wanted to do something about their theology. Finney believed in the power of prayer to bring about change in society and the human heart. First of all, it hardly seemed appropriate to support the Anglican Church anymore. Christian History Institute. Rumors and exaggerations had, of course, been flying; according to these, Finney was a wild eyed ranter of the most dangerous type, who was bringing the Second Awakening into disgrace. The revival Finney began in Western soon spread to nearby towns. . The New Measures were successful and valid new evangelistic techniques, his followers urged. flashcard set{{course.flashcardSetCoun > 1 ? a. promote religious diversity. The spirit of the Revolution led to changes in American churches in the post-war years. How did evangelical Christians spread religious revival during the Second Great Awakening? One of the most influential revivalists of the Second Great Awakening was Charles Finney. CH, [Christian History originally published this article in Christian History Issue #23 in 1989]. He taught that awakening was not a miraculous act of God, but a simple use of human choice. Basically, God already knew from the beginning of time who would be saved from hell and who wouldn't. It is something for man to do. 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Churches that taught this theology, like the Baptists and Methodists, overtook the old churches. Evangelist Charles Grandison Finney, one of the foremost preachers and revivalists of the Second Great Awakening, was influenced by an array of theological traditions. What was the Second Great Awakening? Did you know… We have over 220 college Charles Grandison Finney (1792-1875) was the most celebrated revivalist of the Second Great Awakening. Other revived Christians felt led to improve conditions in cities, prisons, and asylums. {{courseNav.course.mDynamicIntFields.lessonCount}} lessons Unlike the First Great Awakening, which had its roots in Calvinism, the Second Great Awakening was much more Arminian and was characterized by postmillennialism and an exuberant worship style. Select a subject to preview related courses: As a result of the 1783 Treaty of Paris, the United States' boundary now extended all the way to the Mississippi River, and by 1850, the population grew from just under four million people to more than 23 million. To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page. The event was so remarkable, it became internationally known. study This charitable work drew women into the world of politics, and it wasn't long before they began advocating for their own right to vote. The Anglican Church was reformed into the Episcopal Church, and the Second Great Awakening was launched. The Second Great Awakening was a diverse bundle of revivals affecting a broad swathe of American religious, political, and public life. . He promoted spontaneous and extemporaneous preaching, emphasized authentic and emotional expressions of faith, and … He saw revivals very differently from Stoddard, Edwards, Whitefield, or Wesley, who understood that Christians could do nothing about periods of sin and backsliding until the Holy Spirit brought about renewal. Charles Finney was a devoted abolitionist and encouraged Christians to see slavery as a moral issue rather than a political or economic one. He says that “religion is the work of man. Many said then—and have since—that Finney changed American religion from God-centered to man-centered. But it was more than that. The American Revolution left more than just a legacy of government. No history of American Christianity can omit the life and theology of Charles Finney. Not long after the war had overthrown the King and the social fabric of Europe, Americans turned their rebellious spirit to the church. 127 lessons Get access risk-free for 30 days, By late 1825 he had left behind the rural areas, and began campaigns in the area of Utica, New York. In the 1730s, the First Great Awakening had reshaped the traditional European churches into something Americans were more comfortable with. In addition, he had studied to be an attorney, and he turned the legal logic he had developed, and his courtroom skills, to the use of the pulpit. After watching this lesson, you should be able to: To unlock this lesson you must be a Study.com Member. It seems as if the nation was waiting for this, for as Western New York State was swept by the Spirit’s moving, awakening spread across the entire country. e. the Burned-Over District of New York. This is a bundle of 2 highly animated, power point presentations on Religion - The Second Great Awakening and its Key Figure. Enrolling in a course lets you earn progress by passing quizzes and exams. The revivals first stirred during the 1790s, but two major events after the turn of the century are often given as the starting point for the Second Great Awakening. Modern Charles Grandison Finney & the Second Phase of the Second Great Awakening C harles Finney, and all of the new theology and practices associated with … © copyright 2003-2021 Study.com. Charles G. Finney began his work in the revivals of the Second Great Awakening from 1824 to 1834 and went on to preach here and abroad for many years. Does this sound familiar to you? CHARLES FINNEY, and all of the new theology and practices associated with him, came charging upon the religious scene in the United States in late 1825. At that point the length of the Second Great Awakening was remarkable; for over a quarter-century it had blessed America, fostering the sending of missionaries … The Second Great Awakening: Charles Finney and Religious Revival 8:54 Go to The American Revolution (1775-1783) Ch 5. . As many as 20,000 people from all around the region came to enjoy the music and the teaching. Concluding thoughts on our great need to pray. Finney was tall and handsome, and he had penetrating, hypnotic eyes which riveted his audiences. Though the religious fervor of the Awakening cooled around the time of the Civil War, its influence has been permanent. Former enemies and critics frequently became firm supporters, acknowledging that at Rochester there was little or nothing to criticize, but much to praise. Whatever people’s opinions on these issues, there was no denying that Finney was winning great numbers of converts wherever he spoke. It took half a century, but they successfully worked to end slavery in America. The Great Awakening, the Second Great Awakening, along with other smaller revivals have all received attention. Under the ministries of men influenced by Finney, and others, awakenings seemed to be everywhere in 1831, and they would continue for years to come. The greatest outpouring of Charles Finney’s life came here to Rochester, New York, in September 1830. This is a short documentary project for my AP United States History Class. Sciences, Culinary Arts and Personal The man who became district attorney stated that after the revival the crime rate in Rochester dropped by two-thirds, and remained that way for years. Charles Grandison Finney (August 29, 1792 – August 16, 1875) was an American Presbyterian minister and leader in the Second Great Awakening in the United States. Your donations support the continuation of this ministry, Containing today’s events, devotional, quote and stories, © Copyright 2021. The earlier denominations followed a Calvinist theology called predestination. Finney on Revival (9781610361248) by Charles G. Finney The other really famous preacher from this time period was Charles Grandison Finney and Finney traveled around and drew just crowds in the thousands. The church is a society of moral reformers, said its leading evangelist Charles Finney… What's more, we have a moral obligation to do more than just prove we have a spot in heaven; we need to improve the world around us. The reform movements of the Second Great Awakening established a tradition of perfecting human society which would manifest later in the Progressive Era, the Civil Rights Movement, and the later waves of feminism. The Second Great Awakening tended to. Charles Grandison Finney, (born Aug. 29, 1792, Warren, Conn., U.S.—died Aug. 16, 1875, Oberlin, Ohio), American lawyer, president of Oberlin College, and a central figure in the religious revival movement of the early 19th century; he is sometimes called the first of the professional evangelists. Have you ever found a Bible in a hotel room? It was time for a new religious revival, a Second Great Awakening. He taught that people needed to turn from sin and be born again to good works, especially abolition. The side-effects became more widespread than ever before: out of it came power for the antislavery crusade, women’s rights, prison reform, temperance, and much more. Finney is probably best known for his contribution to the religious movement known as the Second Great Awakening during the 1830s. Under their methods, such a thing seldom occurred.”. All rights reserved. “A state of mind that sees God in everything is evidence of growth in grace and a thankful heart.” ― … . Finney and his supporters made it clear that they were as firmly opposed to the ranting and uncontrolled physical excesses of the Kentucky frontier revivals as anyone. Plus, get practice tests, quizzes, and personalized coaching to help you These values are still important to Americans today, who send out more missionaries than any other nation and donate more time and money to charitable works around the world than any other place on Earth. He is the tallest marker in the shift from Reformation orthodoxy, evident in the Great Awakening (under Edwards and Whitefield) to Arminian (indeed, even Pelagian) revivalism. He has been called the "Father of Modern Revivalism." At the heart of this movement was a series of revivals. The influence of the awakening was felt everywhere in the nation. The characteristic of individualism and its effect on women played a huge role in the placement of The Second Great Awakening in history. But after the war, they wanted something that reflected their own values, something more American. The theater became a livery stable. So Americans kicked off their religious revolution by changing the name from 'Anglican' to 'Episcopal.' Finney put the initiative in the hands of Christians: if they did the right things, revival would come. Perhaps the most influential evangelist of the Second Great Awakening was Charles Finney. A person couldn't possibly change God's mind, so a Christian's job was to prove to himself and others that he was one of the chosen. The International Bible Society started doing that in 1823. Moreover, under Finney’s aegis a rationale for carefully contrived revival techniques evolved. Lyman Beecher encouraged the temperance movement. flashcard sets, {{courseNav.course.topics.length}} chapters | Better understand the religious revivals that swept over frontier America in what has been called the “Second Great Awakening.” The lesson presupposes some familiarity with this topic. As Finney’s fame grew, some of his practices were condemned. When Finney opened evangelistic meetings in the town of Western, NY, in October 1825, he could not suspect that he was beginning seven years of the most intense evangelistic activity that the United States has seen. Since the Great Awakening the purpose of the revivals has remained the same: to convert sinners to Christ. 's' : ''}}. Still, the methods were so new and striking that they were bound to stir controversy. Like 1st, 2nd Awakening widened gaps between classes and religions. Reformers believed that public education would create a more productive, hard-working population and give more people the ability to study the Bible. The awakening at Rochester was almost singularly responsible for a national awakening in 1831. credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. Under my preaching, judges, and lawyers, and educated men were converted by scores . Yet, for every critic who found fault, Finney had supporters who praised his aggressive evangelism. However, by the Second Great Awakening an antithetical theology became the working theology of many Protestant bodies in the new republic. The spiritual qualities of Charles Finney led him to become instrumental in America's second great awakening in the 1800's. Traveling preachers were called 'Revivalists,' and they applied the secular ideals of the Revolution - hard work and personal virtue - in a religious way. When they did this, they were, as the Bible said, 'born again' to do good works. - Definition & Examples, Vietnam War During the Nixon Years: Learning Objectives & Activities, Free Online Finance Courses & Certificates, Tech and Engineering - Questions & Answers, Health and Medicine - Questions & Answers. Some of these efforts were directly related to religion. But that theology didn't line up with the Revolutionary sense of national and personal achievement. The term was coined by Charles Grandison Finney, who in his 1876 book Autobiography of Charles G. Finney referred to a "burnt district" to denote an area in central and western New York State during the Second Awakening. The life of the entire area was profoundly influenced. A brilliant lawyer who turned to preaching after an emotional conversion in his late twenties, Finney was used mightily by God in America's "Second Great Awakening." Already registered? Log in here for access. Soon he clashed again with older views, for Finney’s entire concept of awakening was new. - Mythology, Overview, Quiz & Worksheet - Abraham Lincoln's Presidency & Legacy, Quiz & Worksheet - The 1860 Democratic National Convention, Quiz & Worksheet - The Birth of the Republican Party, Quiz & Worksheet - Elements of the Dred Scott v. Sandford Case, Classical Empires, Dynasties & Civilizations, The Fall of Rome & Rise of Western Religions, California Sexual Harassment Refresher Course: Supervisors, California Sexual Harassment Refresher Course: Employees. Demands poured in for his preaching in the major cities of the Eastern seaboard. You can credit the Awakening for that practice, too. He drew on the variety of New School Presbyterianism known as the New Divinity, which stressed people’s ability to … Visit the History 103: US History I page to learn more. 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