Though examples of the tritone substitution, known in the classical world as an augmented sixth chord, can be found extensively in classical music since the Renaissance period, they were not heard until much later in jazz by musicians such as Dizzy Gillespie and The tritone (b5) substitution: bII A more conspicuous chord substitution is where a V7 chord in a ii → V → I is replaced by a dominant 7th chord whose root is a tritone below. The G7 chord uses the notes G-B-D-F. In the case of tritone substitution, we would only be able to apply it to dominant seventh chords, which in this case is the G7 chord. A tritone substitution usually takes the place of a dominant (V7) chord. Keep it coming. So the two chords share two pitches: F and B. These chords are interchangeable because the tritone interval pitches are identical in each. ), and the information you offer is incredibly useful. They work because the Guide Tones (3rd & 7th) are the same in both chords.. G7 = G B D F; D♭7 = D♭ F A♭ B Tritone Substitution and Scales Now we have the scales let’s just quickly go over a few arpeggios. I can’t remember what song it was from or what book. What Is Tritone Substitution? Some examples. They are most often found in ii-V-I progressions, with the tritone substitution being used in place of the V chord. In Part 1 of our article on tritone substitutions we discussed the tritone interval, the tritone substitution, and the theory behind why tritone substitution works. We’re about to apply that right now! On the Ab7 I first play a pattern of the GbMaj7(#5) arpeggio and then descend through a Cm7b5 arpeggio before resolving to the 5th (D) of Gmaj7. In this lesson I’ll try to briefly explain how it works and also what scales and arpeggios to use before I put that to use in some examples. And true, the chord is typically found in jazz genres, but like all chords you can find a use for it in pretty much any style of music. Being the Song Butcher , I thought I was just making a mistake. My enthusiasm for song writing has just come back with a vengeance! You have been stellar in my book. As far as the 3 genres you mention (jazz, blues, and R&B), you could find the tritone substitution in any and all of them. Let’s say for a minute that we are in the key of C major. The Db7 uses the notes Db-F-Ab-Cb. And since those two pitches exist in Db7, it makes it a great substitute for the dominant chord. You will also probably notice that it is not that effective if the dominant does not resolve to a I chord. The Essential Secrets of Songwriting 10-eBook Bundle, THE ESSENTIAL SECRETS OF SONGWRITING 10-eBOOK BUNDLE, Download “The Essential Secrets of Songwriting” 6-eBook Bundle, and increase your song’s HIT potential. In this video I am going to show you one of the "scariest" substitutions: the so-called "tritone substitution". The tritone substitution is one of the most common chord substitutions found in jazz and was the precursor to more complex substitution patterns like Coltrane changes. Those two pitches happen to be crucial parts of what makes a dominant (V) chord want to move to a tonic (I) chord. The Am7 line is an Em7 arpeggio (arpeggio from the 5th of Am) followed by a scale run. On the Ab7 I first play a pattern of the Ab7 arpeggio and then another scale run ending with a chromatic encirclement of the 5th(D) of Gmaj7 where it resolves. Your email address will not be published. If you want to download the examples for later study I have them here as a PDF: If you have any questions or comments then feel free to leave them here or on the video. Because they share the same tritone, they are possible substitutes for one another. This is an intense sound, because with this kind of substitution, the root of the chord is chromatic. THE ESSENTIAL SECRETS OF SONGWRITING 10-EBOOK BUNDLE. Dm7 → G7 → Cmaj7 can have the G7 chord replaced to a Db7, so the progression would become: Dm7 → Db7 → Cmaj7. The reason that this substitution works is that dominant 7 chords with a … As a beginner, I have visited a number of sites offering music lessons and I find your site more trainee friendly. The example below puts the tritone substitution of D7 (Ab7) on beat 4, creating motion in the harmony while still maintaining the same function as D7, which is to pull the harmony to the resolution on Db major. 10 eBooks that cover every aspect of songwriting! So it turns this: C  Dm7  G7  C into this: C  Dm7  Db7  C. The easy explanation for why Db7 (the flat-II) serves as such a good substitute for G7 is that the chords share two notes:  F and B. For example: In a standard ii-V-I progression in the key of C major, the chords would be Dmin7 - G7- CMaj7 We’d anticipate a C7 chord at the end of a phrase to circle back to the F chord. As far as the 3 genres you mention (jazz, blues, and R&B), you could find the tritone substitution in any and all of them. Tritone substitution is a good way to add some new ideas to your II V I lines. I often refer to your e-books for inspiration. In the example I have only used the Eb Mel min scale, but if you want to do the same. G7 is … For example, the tritone substitution is more likely to be seen in jazz, but are the kinds of chords you might find in jazz-related rock music, such as early Chicago or Steely Dan. First, play the 251 with root of the V Chord, and then play the same voicings in your right but change the bass note to the b2 or the tritone substitute Next, it's time to apply this theory to jazz standards. I've only very recently started writing songs (I've written four...but all within the last week! A tritone substitution is taking any dominant 7 chord you see and play another dominant 7 chord that occurs a tritone (#4 aka b5) away from that initial chord. I do hip hop as well as other styles like r&b, neo soul, and jazz. Get "Use Your Words! Tritone subs take the place of V7 chords, either applied or diatonic. The easy way to look at this is to notice that with shell voicings for dominants (see 3rd bar of example 1) you can change the root but keep the rest of the chord, so the 3rd and 7th of a dominant chord are shared between two roots a tritone substitution. F to B is a tritone; You will be glad to hear that there are only 6 tritones that you need to learn. Many thanks! They have very clearly answered so many of the things about music writing which I've never been able to really find a clear answer to before. For example, a Db7 can act as part of a progression that changes key from C major to Eb major, like this: C  Db7  Bb7/D  Eb. Thus a V7-I ( G7 - C ) becomes Db7 - C. Because the Db is a tritone, or 3 tones away from the G. Exactly half way, as it happens. Great article as usual. For example : playing Db7 over G7. So first, let’s give a listen to both progressions so that we can actually hear the difference. Tritone substitution is as it says. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Plus a free copy of "Use Your Words! Discover the essential secrets of songwriting! Introduction. Complete with examples from tunes you know! Stop struggling with your songwriting technique. Let’s have a look at what note is exactly a tritone away (either higher or lower, doe… What is a Tritone Substitution? Simply put, a tritone substitution is taking a dominant chord and substituting it with another dominant chord that’s 6 half steps higher. In Blues and Jazz turnarounds, it's common practice to use harmonic substitutions for any of the chords. The Unfinished Song: Turning Frustration Into Success. Doing this creates some delicious dissonances: C  Dm7  Db7/G  C. You get the bass note G clashing with an F as well as the Ab of the Db7 chord. The tritone substitution is a dominant, or secondary dominant 7th chord whose root is a tritone (3 whole steps) away from the original chord. THe G major scale is mostly there for a reference to the key and not for the Ab7 chord. Generally, the further apart two dissonant tones are, the less jarring they will seem to be. A tritone substitution occurs whenever a chord is being substituted or replaced by another chord with a root a tritone interval away. 8. One example of a tritone interval would be the notes B and F. You can verify that these two notes are six half-steps apart. Ayy, it sounds like the chords are clashing, how are uu playing it, what style? Tritone Substitution is usually applied to a Dominant 7 chord. Here in Part 2 of our discussion on tritone substitution we will go through some specific examples of how tritone substitution works in practice and discuss some ideas for improvisation. That progression uses a chromatically rising bass line. Then, using an inversion and another tritone substitution, the progression is further transformed into a chromatic descending bass line progression. Here in Part 2 of our discussion on tritone substitution we will go through some specific examples of how tritone substitution works in practice and discuss some ideas for improvisation. Let’s first look at what a tritone substitution is, in this lesson I’ll do my examples in the key of G major, though it works just as well in minor of course. 3. Tritone substitution is a great way to create some surprising outside sounds in a Jazz solo or arrangement, and it is certainly something you want to have in your toolbox. (The links open a new browser window). So now we have a new option for a chord and a way to place it in a tonal context. Remember talking about the tritone interval? Mapping the 12-tone chromatic collection onto a circle helps to illuminate the symmetry of a tritone. I ordered your e-books, and I am absolutely loving them. Then you can work out your own tritone substitutes. There is one other chord that is similar to the chord we’ve been discussing, called a Neapolitan chord. Pingback: Tritone in practice – Authentic Woodshedding. An example of a tritone is between the notes F and B: The tritone effect provides one of the most complex dissonances in Western music. could you please explain also how to use the subtitute bVII for minor scales in a later article? Reblogged this on Second Opinions On First Times. Tritone substitutions Example 4. Beautiful Jazz Chords That Make You Less Boring, Comping A Jazz Standard – This Is How To Get Started, Melodic Minor – How To Make Minor Blues Sound Amazing, Jazz Blues – 3 Easy Techniques That Make You Sound Better, Triplets Can Make Your Jazz Solo Sound Amazing. While the above methods of substitution are common in pop and classical styles as well, the tritone substitution is unique to jazz. Following are two examples of tritone substitution in jazz improvisation. This is because tritones are symmetrical when inverted in the sense that you still have a tritone interval. The greats know how the substitution looks on the fretboard, and apply it straight there. So now we have a new option for a chord and a way to place it in a tonal context. I thought I should commend you for the good work. Required fields are marked *. Which gives us a Db in the scale which is a bit further away from the G major tonality. Developing a Lyrics-First Songwriting Process". The second example shows how a tritone substitution was used to turn a standard progression into the opening verse progression to Our Day Will Come (Ruby & The Romantics – 1963). The jazz world has been using the tritone substitution for decades. Tritone Huh ? The first example line is a fairly basic line just to show what the sound of the Ab7 chord can already do in the line. You will also probably notice that it is not that effective if the dominant does not resolve to a I chord. 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